World Heritage Day: 5 Unknown Historical Sites in the Arab World

1. Socotra Archipelago – Yemen

The Socotra archipelago, stretching for more than 250 km in the northwestern Indian Ocean, includes four islands and two rocky islets, which, as it were, continue the Horn of Africa. in Socotra dragon treeon behalf of the archipelago, are worn as a symbol of its rich and unique biodiversity.

Indeed, the archipelago is a real natural paradise due to the great variety of plants and speedendemism. 37% of the 825 plant species present, 90% of the reptile species and 95% of the land snail species are not found nowhere else in the world.

The site is also notable for significant migrations of bird populations, some of which are endangered. In terms of marine life, Socotra is home to over 250 species of reef-building corals, 730 species of coastal fish and 300 species of crabs, lobsters and shrimp.

2. City of Hatra – Iraq

A large fortified city under the influence of the Parthian Empire and the capital of the first Arab kingdom, Hatra is located north ofIraq and the date is today over 2000 years. Hatra resisted the Romans twice, in 116 and 198, thanks to its wall fortified with towers. The remains of the city, and especially the temples, where Greek and Roman architecture are combined with decorative elements of oriental origin, testify to the greatness of its civilization.

Thanks to the efforts of the Iraqi authorities, its recovery is well under way and the country is proudly reconnecting to its roots. After its partial destruction, the first work focused on salvaging its foundations, as well as the statues and debris in the process of being destroyed.

3. Wadi Rum – Jordan

The Wadi Rum site, which is listed as a mixed natural and cultural site, covers 74,000 hectares in southern Jordan. This is desert landscape spectacular, with canyons, natural arches, cliffs, ramps and caves.

Availability 25000 petroglyphsfrom 20,000 engraved inscriptions and archaeological finds show 12,000 years of human occupation and interaction with the natural environment. So these traces traceevolution of human thought and the beginning of the alphabet. They also provide information on pastoral, agricultural and urban activities in the region.

4. Tassili n’Ajjer – Algiers

The huge plateau located in the southeast of Algeria on the border of Libya, Niger and Mali is of great interest. geological as it contains one of the most important setsprehistoric rock art of the world. What really makes this place exceptional is the density of its paintings and engravings, and the existence of numerous remains dating back to 6000 BC JC until the first centuries of our era. Those 15,000 drawings and prints testify to human evolution, as well as migrations of wild animals and climatic conditions. The site is also of aesthetic interest to its visitors. His “forest of rocks” give the impression of a lunar landscape, the only one in the world.

5. Al Ahsa Oasis – Saudi Arabia

The largest oasis in the world is concentrated on the site of Al-Ahsa. With these 2.5 million palm trees which bring welcome shade and springs of crystal clear water, the oasis of al-Hassa looks like green paradise in the heart of the harsh plains Rub al Khali, “Empty Quarter”. For several millennia, the fertile lands of the region have attracted merchants and caravans traveling along the ancient trade routes. Thus, this place facilitated communications throughout the Arabian Peninsula and beyond, and served as a resting place for the first pilgrims on their way to Mecca.


The oasis of Al-Hassa, a UNESCO World Heritage Site, is home to many archaeological sites which testify to the presence of man in the Neolithic era. It is one of the most attractive tourist destinations in Saudi Arabia. This unique geocultural landscape is also one of the outstanding examples of human interaction with the environment.

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