Toulouse. Trois Cocus, La Vache, Empalot: why do metro stations on Line B have such names?

The second station on Line B from the Borderouge, Trois Cocus, raises a lot of questions… (© Quentin Marais / News Toulouse)

Since 2007 Toulouse has two metro lines on its territory. After the opening of Line A in 1993, a second route was added 14 years later. From Ramonville to Borderouge, the line materialized in yellow passes through Rangeay, Empalot, Cow or Three cuckolds. How are these names explained?

Ramonville: Tribute to the Count

Bellevue Castle was almost a thousand years ago property of Raymond V, Count of Toulouse. Participating in a crusade in 1096, he christened the places with his name on this occasion. Hence, in addition, a pictogram attached to the station depicting a knight with a spear in his hand.

Paul Sabatier University: Nobel Prize

Born in Carcassonne, but studying in Toulouse. chemist Paul Sabatier He was awarded the Nobel Prize in 1912 for his discovery of catalytic hydrogenation. He was Dean of the Faculty of Natural Sciences from 1905 to 1929 and gave his name to the University of Toulouse III in 1969… and the metro station.

Faculty of Pharmacy: a stone’s throw from the educational institution

It is not surprising that the metro station bears this name because of its proximity to Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, built near Paul Sabatier. The pictogram also represents a snake, a symbol of fertility and life, according to Greek origin.

Rungay: from the Capitol… to the Capitol

The name “Rangale” is due to the presence in the 18th century of the castle of the same name, which belonged to Louis Francois de Rangueil. The latter was then the capital of Toulouse, a title held by the first magistrates of the Pink City before the French Revolution. The castle was destroyed in the early 1980s.

Rungay station in Toulouse.
Rungay station in Toulouse. (©Google Maps)

Southelong: willow was king

Saouzelong comes from the literal translation “long sauce” which means “late willow” in Occitan. In the area of ​​the same name, there were these trees for some time, since the area was very swampy.

Saint Agne: the savior of Orleans

A town called Ramonville Saint-Agne, a station called Saint-Agne SNCF… What does this refer to? IT HAS St. Enyanotherwise called Enyan d’Orleans, who in 451 would have saved his city from Attila’s Huns.

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Empalot: Derived from… Jean Palot

To find out the origin of the name of this station, as well as the name of the area, you need to go back to the 15th century. Some John Palot would own land in the area, which he would sell in 1443.

Saint-Michel Marcel Langeais: prisoner and prison

The eighth station from Ramonville, Saint-Michel Marseille-Langer, in the first part of its name, refers to the prison. Saint Michel, located near the subway exit. It was designed in 1855 and contained such prisoners as Marcel Langer, was born in what is now Poland and became a resident in Toulouse. There he was guillotined in 1943.

The Saint-Michel prison held a prisoner named Marcel Langer.
The Saint-Michel prison held a prisoner named Marcel Langer. (© David Saint-Sernin / News Toulouse)

Palace of Justice: scales as a symbol

Like the stations near universities, it got its name from its geographical position: the metro is a few steps away from the metro station. Courthouse of Toulouse. Logically, the pictogram attributed to him is a scale that has represented justice since ancient mythology.

Carmelites: religious order

The word “Carmes” means male members of the Order of Carmel, a Catholic religious order (for women, these are Carmelites). In the 13th century, a Carmelite monastery was then founded in Toulouse before it was destroyed in 1808. Now there is a market of the same name, and the metro bears this name.

François Verdier: The Idea of ​​Perseverance

This station pays homage to a French resistance figure. Ariegeoi by origin, François Verdier spent many years in Toulouse before being arrested by the Gestapo in late 1943. He was eventually killed on January 27, 1944.

François Verdier was a French resistance who spent a very large part of his life in Toulouse.
François Verdier was a French resistance who spent a very large part of his life in Toulouse. (© Maxim Gilles / Toulouse News)

Jean Jaurès: crossroads

Station Jean Jaures provides a match between the two lines. Jean Jaurès taught at Albi and Toulouse and became the youngest French deputy in 1885. Municipal Councilor of the Pink City, he was assassinated on 31 July 1914 in Paris, a few days before the First World War.

Jeanne d’Arc: the thought of a war heroine

The station could be called Matabiau. After all, the place on which it is located was called so until 1942. It was on this day that she was renamed Joan of Arc., in honor of the victorious heroine of the British war in 1429, when she was only 17 years old. She would be burned alive for witchcraft in 1431.

Compance-Caffarelli: two generals for one station

The name of the station is again taken from the name of the district. He honors the memory two generals of Napoleon Bonaparte : Jean Dominique Compance and Maximilian Caffarelli, both born in the Haute-Garonne, respectively in the Salies-du-Sala and in the castle of Falga.

Compance and Caffarelli were two generals of Napoleon Bonaparte.  Before giving your name to the subway station.
Compance and Caffarelli were two generals of Napoleon Bonaparte. Before giving your name to the subway station. (© Quentin Marais / News Toulouse)

Canal du Midi: view of the canal

There is also no great tension: the station bears such a name because of the proximity … Canal du Midi, designed by Pierre-Paul Riquet from 1666 to 1681. “Canal boats” were pulled by horses from the trail. After a few centuries, they gave way to the subway! Of course there is a channel.

Minimes Claude Nougaro: legendary voice

Impossible not to pay tribute Claude Nougaro, born in Les Minimes and famous songwriter in the 20th century. The melody of the carillon of the church, located in his native area, inspired him to one of the songs called … Toulouse.

Barriere de Paris: the air of the capital

This station is in the place where the limit was erected on the road to Paris, hence the term “barrier”. In other words, the grant denotes the place where taxes collected on goods who made his way to the Pink City. It was originally located in Les Minimes.

Three Cuckolds: A Cuckoo Story

It’s hard not to notice the sentimental undertone of this name when you’ve just arrived in Toulouse. And yet … there is no connection! The name comes from the presence sculpture depicting three cuckoo clocks on the front of the house.

Second station of Line B route: Three Cuckolds.
Second station of Line B route: Three Cuckolds. (© Quentin Marais / News Toulouse)

Borderouge: red brick square

The terminus of line B, north of Toulouse, is a translation of the Occitan “bordaroja”. It means red brick house or housewidespread in very sparsely populated areas, but with many agricultural estates.

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