From rabbits and cows to chickens and pigs, here are the top ten farm animals and what you need to know about keeping them.
On the farm you can meet a cat or a dog, but you can especially see farm animals: sheep in aviaries, rabbits in cages or horses in the stables. As well as many other animals. Some are raised for milk (dairy animals), others for meat, hides, wool or other processed products (cheese, leather, etc.), and still others are used for transport. Here are ten of the best farm animals and what you need to know about keeping them.
Family : From the cattle family or Bovidae, which includes bison, buffalo or even yaks, the cow is a ruminant, herbivorous mammal. There are over a billion head of cattle in the world.
Breeding: The cow is mainly raised for its meat and milk, as well as its hide (which is used to make leather).
Life expectancy: about twenty years
Male : Ox/Ox (neutered at twelve months or older)
Female: Cow (an animal that has calved, i.e. has given birth to a calf) / heifer (an animal of twelve months of age that has not calved)
Child : Calf
Scream : They say that a cow moo, moo, or moo.
Farm animals: black and white cow on the farm / Photo: Unsplash
Family : The sheep is part of the ovine family, along with the mouflon. These are herbivorous mammals.
Breeding: Sheep are used for meat, wool, and also milk, which is used in particular to make cheese such as Roquefort, made from sheep’s milk.
Life expectancy: ten to twelve years old
Name : Mouton is a common name that covers rams and sheep.
Male : Ram
Child : Lamb (male) / lamb (young sheep)
Scream : They say sheep bleat.
Farm animals: White sheep are bred for meat, milk and wool / Photo: Unsplash
Family : The goat is a herbivorous mammal with horns and cloven hooves from the goat family with chamois.
Breeding: The goat is used to produce milk, which is used in particular to make cheese, as well as for its meat and wool.
Life expectancy: between fifteen and eighteen
Male : Goat
Child : Child
Scream : The goat is said to stutter, goofy, or tremble.
Farm Animals: Many dairy products, such as cheese, are made from goat’s milk. Photo courtesy of Unsplash.
Family : Pigs, a family that includes pigs, wild boars, and warthogs, are omnivorous mammals. There are two billion pigs in the world.
Breeding: Pig is raised mainly for meat (sausages).
Life expectancy: fifteen to twenty years old
Name : Pig or swine are genetic words for boars, sows and piglets.
Male : Boar
Child : Piglet
Scream : They say that the pig growls, swarms or squeals.
Farm Animals: Pig’s Baby Piglet / Photo Credit: Unsplash
Family : The equine family includes three mammals: horses, donkeys and zebras.
Breeding: The donkey is sometimes used for skin or milk, but is primarily a transport animal.
Life expectancy: twenty-seven to forty years old
Male : donkey or donkey
Child : donkey
Scream : They say the donkey roars.
Farm Animals: The donkey is mainly used for transport on the farm, but if it also produces milk, it can be raised for a hide / Photo Credit: Unsplash
Family : The horse belongs to the horse family. There are over four hundred breeds of horses.
Breeding: Horses are bred for meat, but they are also and above all transport horses, especially draft horses.
Life expectancy: twenty five to thirty years old
Male : Horse
Child : Foal
Scream : They say the horse neighs.
Farm Animals: White horse, one of four hundred horse breeds in existence. / Photo Credit: Unsplash
Family : The duck is part of the bird family along with the rooster, chicken, turkey, goose, pheasant, dove, or even peacock and partridge. It lives mainly in ponds, streams, rivers and lakes.
Breeding: Duck is grown for eggs and meat, as well as feathers (down), which are used as filler for blankets, pillows, down jackets, etc.
Lifespan : two to twelve years, depending on race
Male : Duck / halbran (for a young male)
Child : Duckling
Scream : It is said that the duck quacks or clucks.
Farm animals: The duck is raised for its eggs and meat, and for its feathers and down / Photo: Unsplash
Family : The turkey is one of the largest birds on the farm. It is omnivorous, feeding on insects, plants, corn, wheat, and other seeds.
Breeding: Turkey meat is used as meat.
Life expectancy: five to ten years
Male : Turkey
Child : Turkey
Scream : The turkey is said to gurgle or cackle.
Farm Animals: The turkey is one of the biggest birds on the farm / Photo: Unsplash
Family : From the family of agricultural birds, the main animal in the barnyard is the chicken. The chicken is omnivorous, it eats insects, herbs, fruits, vegetables, but human food remains.
Breeding: Chicken is raised mainly for eggs and meat.
Life expectancy: five to ten years
Male : Rooster
Child : chick
Scream : A chicken is said to cackle, cackle or cackle.
Farm animals: chicken is raised for eggs and meat / Photo: Unsplash
Family : The rabbit is the main rodent on the farm, in whose family we also find the guinea pig. It is grown in a cage, while a wild rabbit lives in a hole. The rabbit is a herbivore.
Breeding: The farm rabbit (as opposed to the domestic rabbit) is not only bred for its fur, but also for its meat.
Life expectancy: about nine years old
Male : Rabbit
Child : Rabbit
Scream : The rabbit is said to squeal or clap its hands.
Farm Animals: Rabbits are farm-raised rodents / Photo: Unsplash
Obviously, farms have many other farm-dependent animals and insects. In particular, the breeding of bees, called beekeeping, allows the production of honey, wax, or even royal jelly. There is also heliciculture, that is, breeding snails for meat. We can also talk about shellfish farming, i.e. shellfish farming, which includes farming oysters (oysters) and farming mussels (mussels), as well as fish farming, i.e. farming fish in sea water or in fresh water, often in the ponds.