Top 10 Farm Animals

From rabbits and cows to chickens and pigs, here are the top ten farm animals and what you need to know about keeping them.

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On the farm you can meet a cat or a dog, but you can especially see farm animals: sheep in aviaries, rabbits in cages or horses in the stables. As well as many other animals. Some are raised for milk (dairy animals), others for meat, hides, wool or other processed products (cheese, leather, etc.), and still others are used for transport. Here are ten of the best farm animals and what you need to know about keeping them.

1) Cow

Family : From the cattle family or Bovidae, which includes bison, buffalo or even yaks, the cow is a ruminant, herbivorous mammal. There are over a billion head of cattle in the world.

Breeding: The cow is mainly raised for its meat and milk, as well as its hide (which is used to make leather).

Life expectancy: about twenty years

Male : Ox/Ox (neutered at twelve months or older)

Female: Cow (an animal that has calved, i.e. has given birth to a calf) / heifer (an animal of twelve months of age that has not calved)

Child : Calf

Scream : They say that a cow moo, moo, or moo.

Farm animals: black and white cow on the farm / Photo: Unsplash

2) Lamb

Family : The sheep is part of the ovine family, along with the mouflon. These are herbivorous mammals.

Breeding: Sheep are used for meat, wool, and also milk, which is used in particular to make cheese such as Roquefort, made from sheep’s milk.

Life expectancy: ten to twelve years old

Name : Mouton is a common name that covers rams and sheep.

Male : Ram

Female: Sheep

Child : Lamb (male) / lamb (young sheep)

Scream : They say sheep bleat.

Farm animals: White sheep are bred for meat, milk and wool / Photo: Unsplash

3) Goat

Family : The goat is a herbivorous mammal with horns and cloven hooves from the goat family with chamois.

Breeding: The goat is used to produce milk, which is used in particular to make cheese, as well as for its meat and wool.

Life expectancy: between fifteen and eighteen

Male : Goat

Female: Goat

Child : Child

Scream : The goat is said to stutter, goofy, or tremble.

Farm Animals: Many dairy products, such as cheese, are made from goat’s milk. Photo courtesy of Unsplash.

4) Pig

Family : Pigs, a family that includes pigs, wild boars, and warthogs, are omnivorous mammals. There are two billion pigs in the world.

Breeding: Pig is raised mainly for meat (sausages).

Life expectancy: fifteen to twenty years old

Name : Pig or swine are genetic words for boars, sows and piglets.

Male : Boar

Female: Sow

Child : Piglet

Scream : They say that the pig growls, swarms or squeals.

Farm Animals: Pig’s Baby Piglet / Photo Credit: Unsplash

5) Donkey

Family : The equine family includes three mammals: horses, donkeys and zebras.

Breeding: The donkey is sometimes used for skin or milk, but is primarily a transport animal.

Life expectancy: twenty-seven to forty years old

Male : donkey or donkey

Female: donkey

Child : donkey

Scream : They say the donkey roars.

Farm Animals: The donkey is mainly used for transport on the farm, but if it also produces milk, it can be raised for a hide / Photo Credit: Unsplash

6) Horse

Family : The horse belongs to the horse family. There are over four hundred breeds of horses.

Breeding: Horses are bred for meat, but they are also and above all transport horses, especially draft horses.

Life expectancy: twenty five to thirty years old

Male : Horse

Female: Mare

Child : Foal

Scream : They say the horse neighs.

Farm Animals: White horse, one of four hundred horse breeds in existence. / Photo Credit: Unsplash

7) Duck

Family : The duck is part of the bird family along with the rooster, chicken, turkey, goose, pheasant, dove, or even peacock and partridge. It lives mainly in ponds, streams, rivers and lakes.

Breeding: Duck is grown for eggs and meat, as well as feathers (down), which are used as filler for blankets, pillows, down jackets, etc.

Lifespan : two to twelve years, depending on race

Male : Duck / halbran (for a young male)

Female: duck

Child : Duckling

Scream : It is said that the duck quacks or clucks.

Farm animals: The duck is raised for its eggs and meat, and for its feathers and down / Photo: Unsplash

8) Turkey

Family : The turkey is one of the largest birds on the farm. It is omnivorous, feeding on insects, plants, corn, wheat, and other seeds.

Breeding: Turkey meat is used as meat.

Life expectancy: five to ten years

Male : Turkey

Female: Turkey

Child : Turkey

Scream : The turkey is said to gurgle or cackle.

Farm Animals: The turkey is one of the biggest birds on the farm / Photo: Unsplash

9) Chicken

Family : From the family of agricultural birds, the main animal in the barnyard is the chicken. The chicken is omnivorous, it eats insects, herbs, fruits, vegetables, but human food remains.

Breeding: Chicken is raised mainly for eggs and meat.

Life expectancy: five to ten years

Male : Rooster

Female: Hen

Child : chick

Scream : A chicken is said to cackle, cackle or cackle.

Farm animals: chicken is raised for eggs and meat / Photo: Unsplash

10) Rabbit

Family : The rabbit is the main rodent on the farm, in whose family we also find the guinea pig. It is grown in a cage, while a wild rabbit lives in a hole. The rabbit is a herbivore.

Breeding: The farm rabbit (as opposed to the domestic rabbit) is not only bred for its fur, but also for its meat.

Life expectancy: about nine years old

Male : Rabbit

Female: Rabbit

Child : Rabbit

Scream : The rabbit is said to squeal or clap its hands.

Farm Animals: Rabbits are farm-raised rodents / Photo: Unsplash

Obviously, farms have many other farm-dependent animals and insects. In particular, the breeding of bees, called beekeeping, allows the production of honey, wax, or even royal jelly. There is also heliciculture, that is, breeding snails for meat. We can also talk about shellfish farming, i.e. shellfish farming, which includes farming oysters (oysters) and farming mussels (mussels), as well as fish farming, i.e. farming fish in sea water or in fresh water, often in the ponds.

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