The fastest animal: every environment has its own champion

What is the fastest animal in the water?

If the mako shark is the fastest shark in the world at a speed of 70 km / h, then other species lose to it recklessly. Two animals compete for the title of the fastest fish in the world. This is a blue marlinMakaira nigricans) and swordfish (Xifias gladius).

Blue marlin is a large marine fish of the Istiophoridae family. It can exceed 4 meters by 600 kg and is equipped with a formidable weapon: a long, pointed rostrum.

The swordfish belongs to the Xiphiidae family. It is similar to marlin, which can also be over 4m long and weigh almost 600kg. And he also has a long pointed podium. The only difference is that the rostrum of the swordfish is flattened, while that of the marlin is conical. They use it to protect themselves and also to attack their prey (fish, squid and octopus).

⋙ Chinese swordfish, first extinct species of the 2020 decade

These two fish, with their aerodynamic bodies, are built for speed and can reach speeds of up to 120 km/h.

What is the fastest land animal?

The speed of felines is one of their advantages. So, a lion and a leopard can reach speeds of up to 58 km / h, and a jaguar – up to 80 km / h. But there is one who defeats them unconditionally: the cheetah.

This predator is indeed endowed with an aerodynamic body, a very thin, light and flexible skeleton, long legs and a long tail, which it uses as a pendulum. Also, unlike other felines, its claws do not retract, allowing it to cling to the ground very well.

⋙ Only 12 endangered felines remain in the wild in Iran.

Therefore, he is a sprinter, not a marathon runner. It can reach speeds of over 110 km/h (sometimes 130 km/h), but for very short distances, only 500 meters. It walks 7 to 8 meters per stride and takes four strides per second. This allows the cheetah not only to hunt, but also to escape predators such as the lion or hyena, against which it is unmatched.

What is the fastest air animal in the world?

Peregrine falcon (from its scientific name falcon peregrine) is the absolute champion in the air, as it is not only one of the fastest birds in flight, but also the fastest bird in a dive.

Medium in size (about 50 cm per 1 kg), with long, pointed and muscular wings, this predator preys almost exclusively on birds. And his attacks are very spectacular! Thus, he is able to glide at a speed of 90 km / h, and when he notices prey, dive from a very high altitude at a speed of 390 km / h! The female is larger and heavier than the male, so she is faster.

⋙ Canada: This pair of falcons filmed 24 hours a day captivates internet users

But, despite this formidable property, the peregrine falcon succeeds at best in only one attack out of five to ten attempts. The success rate often approaches one successful attack in 15 attempts.

What is the fastest animal in the world?

But who is the fastest animal in the world? If we compare the length of the body with the distance traveled in one second, then this is a tick Paratarsotomus macropalpis. familial Anistides, a small animal measuring 0.7 mm, is endemic to Southern California. Usually found on sidewalks and in rocky areas.

A few years ago, scientists discovered that this tick is also very fast. It runs 322 times its body length in one second. For comparison, a cheetah covers 16 times its body length in one second if it is moving at 96 km/h, and Jamaican sprinter Usain Bolt covers six times its body length in one second at a speed of 37 km/h

Therefore, it would seem that the cheetah is the second fastest animal on earth, if we take into account the distance traveled in one second in relation to size.

What is the slowest animal?

If some animals are speed champions, then not all of them! You would think, given its name, that the sloth is the slowest species in the world. We are not far from the truth, since this mammal moves at a speed of only 0.27 km / h. The same goes for the koala, which is known to be a heavy sleeper (he sleeps 20 hours a night on average). When awake, Australia’s small endemic marsupial must go foraging… at its own pace. Thus, it moves at a speed of 3.2 km/h.

⋙ Koalas are officially “endangered” in Australia.

But there are even slower ones than these two mammals. Thus, the bullet moves only 0.5 mm per second. That’s less than 2 meters traveled in one hour (0.002 km/h)! A record that makes this shellless gastropod the slowest animal in the world.

What is the strongest animal in the world?

Based on the mass/strength ratio, the strongest animal in the world would be an insect. it’s a moth Archegosetes longisetosis. Measuring less than 1 mm, it is capable of lifting up to 1180 times its own weight!

It is closely followed by another insect, or rather a beetle. This is a dung beetle, its scientific name Taurus ontophagus. Present from Europe to China and North Africa, its size is from five to ten millimeters. A small size that does not prevent him from pulling a load of 1141 times his body weight. This force would be equivalent to a 70 kg person being able to lift 80 tons.

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