Sheep, sheep and goat: how to distinguish them?

We often speak figuratively of “the wolf in the fold”, but this word refers primarily to the habitat set aside for raising sheep. Sheep of the genus “ovis” include several species of animals, the main ones being sheep and sheep, ram and lamb, and lamb. The word “sheep” is used specifically to refer to a castrated male of this species that is raised for meat, while the word “ram” refers to an uncastrated male intended for breeding. All ruminants that have four different stomachs.

Subfamily Caprinae

Zooming out, we see that sheep belong to the subfamily of goats (Caprinae) and to the large family of bovids (Bovidae). If in between we stop at the level of Caprinae, we find another species that shares characteristics with sheep and sheep but is not a sheep: the goat, belonging to the genus Capra, a genus that combines goats and mountain goats.

Sheep and goat, two females

A sheep differs from a sheep and a goat by its gender: indeed, a sheep is a female sheep with which it can have lambs and/or lambs, and a goat is a female goat with which it can breed and give birth to so-called children. However, in everyday language, the word “sheep” can refer to a male – a ram – and a female – a sheep – without distinction of sex.

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physical differences

The goat, sometimes referred to as a bique or biquette, has a small, lean body with often pointed bones, while ewes and ewes have a stockier body. Goats also often have beards on their chins, as well as skin growths on their necks called tassels or pendants.

While goat hair is mostly long-haired and sometimes short-haired, sheep and lambs are covered in thick fleece. Goats’ coat color varies by breed, while wild sheep are often brown and domestic sheep are white, black, inbetween, and even spotted. The tail of a goat is shorter than that of a sheep or sheep, which is called “truncated”.

On the other hand, sheep, ewes and goats have short and thin legs in common. They are all two-toed ungulates (Cetartiodactyla). The peculiarity of the goat lies in its ability to climb and jump. In particular, its small size makes it a particularly agile beast. Another feature of the goat lies in its eyes, as its horizontal pupil allows it to have a wide field of vision: its eyes remain parallel to the ground even when the goat lowers its head to graze.

Difficult question about horns

The presence or absence of horns is not a special distinguishing feature: in fact, some goats have horns (usually arched), others do not, just like some breeds of sheep have horns and others do not. Also, depending on the breed, sheep and sheep (for example, wild sheep) or only males can have horns. Note that in most cases where races have horns, only one pair occurs.

These animals are disappearing from France due to climate change

Sheep, sheep, goat: what kind of habitat?

The country sheep adapts to many habitats and lives in both arid regions and mountain swamps. Goats, present in all regions of the world, often live in the mountains. Sheep, sheep and goats are herd animals with a highly developed herd instinct. Within their flock, sheep communicate either by bleating or by scent. Finally, sheep and ewes, as well as goats, have virtually the same lifespan, fifteen to twenty years.

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