In the United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and multi-state health officials are investigating a multi-state salmonellosis outbreak in Salmonella enterica serotype Uganda. Epidemiological and laboratory data indicate that infection is associated with contact with bearded dragons (Chase vitticeps).
As of January 10, 2022, 44 infected people were registered in 25 states (Alabama, Arkansas, California, Connecticut, Florida, Kansas, Louisiana, Massachusetts, Minnesota, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, Nevada, New Mexico, New York, Oregon). , Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, South Dakota, Texas, Utah, Virginia, Washington, Wisconsin). Patients aged 1 to 84 years, median age 27 years, 8 cases were children under 5 years of age. Of the 43 people of whom information is known, 27 (63%) are women. Fifteen people (41%) of the 37 for whom information was clarified were hospitalized. No deaths have been reported.
Of the 33 respondents, 21 (64%) reported owning or touching bearded dragons or their supplies. People report getting their bearded dragons from a variety of places, including pet stores and the internet.
Prevention Reminders salmonellosis carried out reptiles or amphibians :
Healthy reptiles and amphibians can carry Salmonella and other potentially pathogenic microbes. Owners must abide by the following rules:
- Wash your hands thoroughly after handling reptiles and amphibians and anything in their area, such as their habitats, food, or equipment.
- Children under 5 years of age, people with weakened immune systems and the elderly should not touch amphibians or reptiles or their environment.
- Keep reptiles and amphibians and their equipment away from areas where food is prepared, served or eaten.
- Never use food preparation areas to clean up reptile and amphibian habitats or anything in their habitats. These items should be cleaned outside the home, and if a bathroom is used, it should be thoroughly cleaned and disinfected immediately after use.
- Do not kiss or hug reptiles or amphibians
- Reptile food, such as frozen or live rodents, equipment and supplies, including aquarium water, can be contaminated with salmonella and other microbes.
- Do not work with frozen or live rodents as they pose an increased risk of serious illness (child under 5, pregnant women, immunocompromised individuals);
- Always wash your hands immediately after handling frozen or live rodents or after touching an object that has come into contact with these animals.
- Do not eat, drink or smoke while handling live or frozen rodents or when caring for pets.
- Clean and disinfect all surfaces and utensils that rodents have come into contact with.
- Prevent rodents and their products from entering the kitchen or other areas where food is prepared, served or consumed. To thaw rodents: Do not use the kitchen sink, food preparation areas, or microwave oven.
- If possible, remove rodent food from outside the home. If not, use a laundry sink or bathtub and thoroughly clean and disinfect the area immediately afterwards.
- Prefer frozen rodents to reduce the risk of injury to you or your animals. Never give wild rodents to your pets.
- Report the possibility of contact with reptiles, amphibians or rodents, especially if you are sick or if you have been bitten or scratched.
Source : Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).