Baku, April 6, AZERTAC
Azerbaijan is one of the countries where horse breeding originated from ancient times. Horse breeding has become widespread in Mann, Media, Atropatene and Albania, the former Azerbaijani states. A number of local horse breeds have emerged as a result of the evolution of Azerbaijani horses as a result of natural and historical conditions, as well as due to the needs of everyday life over many centuries. One of them is the famous Karabakh horse, bred in the Karabakh region of Azerbaijan. In the light of numerous studies and various historical sources, it can be concluded that the Karabakh horse originates from the Manna, Media horse tribe, especially the Nesei horses (the name of the Nesei plain located in the south-west of the Caspian Sea), which existed on the territory of Azerbaijan in prehistoric times.
The factories of the Karabakh khans played an indispensable role in the improvement and popularization of the Karabakh horse as a breed. The breeding of breeding stallions was carried out at the factories and stables of the descendants of the dynasties of Penah Khan, Ibrahim Khan, Mehdigulu Khan, Jafargulu Khan, Khurchidbanu Natavan and others. At the factories of the Karabakh khans, horses were bred, belonging mainly to four breeds: maimun, garnyrtiyg, elietmez and tokhmag. Karabakh horses are mostly golden-brown and chestnut, strong, medium-sized, the physique is proportional, herd-like.
Karabakh horses are successfully presented at many international exhibitions. For example, a Karabakh horse named “Khan” was awarded at an exhibition in France in 1867. The horse show took place in 1869. Karabakh horses were exported to Russia, as well as to a number of European countries, and were used to improve many breeds of horses, including Kabardian and Don. One of the significant events in the history of horse breeding in Azerbaijan is the sending by the Soviet government as a gift to the Queen of England Elizabeth II in 1956, a Karabakh horse named “Zaman”.
The collapse of feudal socio-economic relations in Azerbaijan in the 19th century, the country’s accession to Tsarist Russia, the degeneration of Karabakh horses as a result of the sale of many horses, including mares, to Russia, England, Iran and other countries, the impetus that was given to this process events of the early 20th century, put forward a new approach to the Karabakh horses: the rehabilitation of this unique breed of horses.
The most significant event in the history of the Karabakh horses of the 20th century was the creation of the Agdam Horse Breeding Center. Preliminary preparations were made for the completion of the construction of this plant. In 1946, a special commission of the People’s Commissariat of Agriculture visited Agdam, Shusha, Khojavend, Berda, Yevlakh, Tovuz regions, where Karabakh horses were widely settled, and selected 60 horses, of which 59 were mares and 1 stallion.
In the autumn of 1947, these horses were re-examined by specialists from the State Farm and the Ministry of Agriculture of the Azerbaijan SSR, and 27 of them were identified as the most typical Karabakh horses. In the spring of 1984, these mares, along with foals, were brought to the Khaldan poultry farm in the Yevlakh region, and thus the first stone was laid in the foundation of the center. But the territory of the Khaldan poultry farm was not favorable for a horse breeding center. Here the summer was very hot, the soil and vegetation were very different from the Karabakh nature. Therefore, in 1949, the center moved to the village of Eyvazkhanbeyli from the Aghdam region. The creation of the Aghdam Horse Breeding Center played a big role in improving the Karabakh breed of horses.
After the military aggression of Armenia against Azerbaijan at the end of the 20th century, the Agdam Horse Breeding Center was moved in 1994 to the territory called Hamtorpag of the Agjabedi region. Although soil, water and vegetation cannot replace those in Aghdam, the birthplace of the Karabakh horses, the latter have adapted to the unfavorable conditions for them over the past period. Currently, about 200 horses are bred in the Agdam Horse Breeding Center. Between 30 and 40 foals are born every year, and they replace old horses that have lost their working capacity. Some of them are trained and trained and then sent to the Jydyr National Park in Baku.
In recent years, the Azerbaijani state has taken serious measures to restore the glory of Azerbaijani horses and ensure the development of horse breeding in the country.
In 2007, the Law of the Republic of Azerbaijan “On Horse Breeding” was adopted, and relevant decrees were signed by President Ilham Aliyev to implement this law. At the same time, the Horse Breeding Development Program was approved. Certain conditions have been created and lands have been allocated for breeding Karabakh horses in the territory of Hamtorpag, in Aghjabedi.
For the first time, the Karabakh horse was recognized by UNESCO as a horse breed belonging to the world heritage of mankind.
AZERTAG.AZ :Karabakh horses are a breed of horses belonging to the world heritage of mankind.
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