Bed bugs are insects that have been known for over 3,000 years. They originally lived in caves until they came into contact with humans. In France, they completely disappeared in the 1950s, but a significant increase in the number of travelers and a ban on DDT (the only insecticide that can kill bed bugs) caused the spread of this pest. Bed bugs grow fast and can bite up to 90 times in one night. To avoid itching and other damage caused by bed bugs, let’s take a look at how to recognize them, detect their presence, and get rid of them as quickly as possible.
Recognize a bedbug
With a solid knowledge of bed bugs, you will be better able to recognize them and get rid of them. First, let’s start by looking at the main characteristics that define a bed bug:
- Adult, he measures between 4 and 7 mmso it is visible to the naked eye.
- His body flatoval in shape, and looks like a bone or lentil.
- It is usually colored Brownwhich turns red when filled with blood.
- It is a nocturnal insect I hate the light.
- She only eats blood.
- She is attracts CO2by the heat and the smell of people, as well as mammals and birds.
- She moves to ant speeddon’t jump or fly.
Bed bug development
Bed bugs can become a real scourge when they start to multiply. It is estimated that the female can lay 5 eggs per daybut sometimes she produces batches of 15 eggs. The bed bug egg is white and about the size of a pinhead. They are always clustered and can attach to any surface.
It will take a little more than 10 days behind’egg hatching. From there, to reach the adult stage, the juvenile bed bug will go through 5 stages of evolution. Each stage requires a blood meal and lasts 3 to 10 days. This means that after the adult female lays her eggs, 5 new bed bugs adults will appear during the period consisting 25 to 60 days. Thus, it is believed that one female can give birth to up to 500 nymphs per year. We understand why Paris, a city where bed bugs run rampant, has a bed bug treatment site. The development of the colony is exponential and can fill the entire dwelling very quickly. In addition, the bug can survive 6 months to 1 year without food. It is thanks to this ability to adapt that these insects manage to develop.
Detect the presence of bed bugs
Although they are visible to the naked eye, bed bugs are difficult to spot. Therefore, you need to be very attentive to the slightest signs.
Where are they hiding?
Indeed, they tend to hide in closed placeson the mattress, on the seams and underside of the mattress, on the box spring, in pillowcases, folds, etc. In fact, they can hide in any small dark space. near the bed. As soon as they begin to multiply, after a bite they can take wider field of cover drawers, furniture, clothes, backpacks, chairs, rugs, curtains, curtain rods, window or door frames… Sometimes they can even take refuge in unlikely placesbehind baseboard heaters and electrical outlets, loose upholstery, floor cracks, books, telephones, clocks, etc.
Signs of their presence
The presence of bedbugs can be detected thanks to the various clues they leave behind.
- Skin tips : Bites resemble mosquito bites. They may appear in groups of 3 or 4 on open areas of the body at night. Please note that bed bugs are not carriers of disease.
- house tips : Small black fecal stains or blood stains on sheets, mattress or box spring. You may also find dead bed bugs or bed bug skins that are shedding.
find a nest
If you notice any of the signs listed above, you will need to carefully inspect your bedroom. Grab a flashlight and check out all the hiding spots we listed above.
Fight against bed bugs
First of all, note that only the destruction of all bedbugs present in your home, effectively. It is enough for the female to stay alive for the colony to reform. Here are some tips on how to get rid of them. Note that, depending on the level of infestation in your home, it may be best to contact professionals.
Cleanse your parts
First step – spray insecticide on all contaminated surfaces. Be careful not to neglect any hiding place: do not forget to apply the product to all possible and conceivable places. Please note that insecticide is not used for pest control in summer. Its only use is against bed bugs.
After the time indicated on the product you are using, you will vacuum all contaminated surfaces. Then you can move the laundry and clean the furniture.
Evacuate all textiles from contaminated rooms and take them to the washing machine. transportation in sealed bagsso that the bed bug does not escape along the way. Wash them in 60°C and run a spin cycle for at least 45 minutes. If it is a delicate fabric, place it in the freezer for -18°C within 48 hours.
To clean a mattress or any other textile that won’t fit in the washing machine, you’ll need to steam it.
Free your furniture
Similarly, empty all of your furniture and place its contents in airtight bags. Then spray the product bed bug remedy inside a sealed bag and leave to act 48 hours.
The safest and most effective way to get rid of these pests is to call a professional. This experienced master will find the perfect remedy for your needs, there are different types of treatments for bed bugs.